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PyroCell® Monocyte Activation Test – Human Serum System

Catalog #: 00279791

The PyroCell® Monocyte Activation Test – Human Serum System (PyroCell® MAT HS System) is an all-inclusive kit to conduct the Monocyte Activation Test. It contains 3 vials of cryopreserved, pooled PBMC (human, pMAT Cells), 3 vials Human Serum Supplement, the PeliKine compact human IL-6 kit and the PeliKine tool set, for 288 test (3x 96-well microtiter plates).


Product Overview

The Monocyte Activation Test (MAT) is an in vitro assay for pyrogen testing in pharmaceutical and medical device industries. The principle of the Monocyte Activation Test is based on the detection of inflammatory cytokines released by human monocytes in response to exogenous bacterial endotoxin (LPS) and non-endotoxin pyrogens (NEP). 


Since its first adoption by the European Pharmacopeia in 2010 (Ph. Eur. chapter 2.6.30) the Monocyte Activation Test is recognized as a compendial method for pyrogen testing in several world regions including Europe. Here, the Monocyte Activation Test is recommended as a replacement test for the Rabbit Pyrogen Test (RPT) (1). The Monocyte Activation Test is compliant to the EU Directive 2010/63/EU on the protection of experimental animals and the global framework of the 3Rs (replacement, refinement, reduction of experimental animal tests). (2) 


The PyroCell® Monocyte Activation Test is performed in two steps: during an overnight cell culture step, the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) preparation is stimulated for release of inflammatory cytokines with a product sample  to be tested for the presence of pyrogens. On the next day, the cell culture supernatant is analyzed for released IL-6 cytokines using the PeliKine human IL-6 ELISA assay. The color reaction is measured in an absorbance reader, at a wavelength of 450 nm and a reference wavelength of 540-590 nm. The pyrogen content of the sample is then analyzed against the reference standard endotoxin (RSE) and is expressed in Endotoxin Equivalent Units (EEU/mL). 


The following reagents, accessories and instruments support the use of the PyroCell® MAT HS Kit :



Step 1: Monocyte Activation 

Product Catalog #
Iscove's Modified Dulbecco's Medium (IMDM) with L-Glutamine and HEPES 12-722F
USP Reference Standard Endotoxin E700
LAL Reagent Water W50-100
Pyrogen-free Dilution Tubes N207
Reagent Reservoirs 190035
LAL Reagent GradeTM Multi-well Plates 25-340
Endotoxin-free accessories, i.e. sample container,
pipette tips, serological pipettes
See Catalog



Step 2: IL-6 ELISA Assay 

Product Catalog #
ELx808 Reader (with 450 and 540-590 nm filter) 25-315S



The PyroCell® Monocyte Activation Test – Human Serum System (PyroCell® MAT HS System) is an all-inclusive kit containing validated reagents for the Monocyte Activation Test: the PyroCell Monocyte Activation Test – Human Serum Kit (PyroCell® MAT HS Kit)  that contains the cryopreserved, human PBMC preparation pooled from 4 human blood donations (pMAT Cells) along with an optimized Human Serum Supplement, and the Pelikine compact human IL-6 ELISA kit that contains all reagents and buffers to conduct the IL-6 ELISA.  


pMAT Cells are specifically qualified for pyrogen testing with the Monocyte Activation test, e.g. are certified for their ability to detect endotoxins and non-endotoxin pyrogens. Thereby, donor selection, cell preparation and quality testing strictly follows compendial requirements. The Human Serum component is formulated with special attention to a low endotoxin content in order to ensure error-free cell stimulation conditions. The use of Human Serum in Monocyte Activation Tests has been demonstrated as beneficial especially for plasma derived products since less dilution is needed to overcome product mediated interferences. 


The Pelikine compact human IL-6 ELISA kit is composed of an ELISA detection kit and buffer concentrates ensuring the highly sensitive detection of the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin 6 (IL-6). The PyroCell® MAT HS System is the optimal tool for the sensitive detection of the IL-6 cytokine released by human monocytes during exposure to endotoxins or non-endotoxin pyrogens. All components together support the complete testing of 3x 96 well plates (288 tests) or up to 9 product samples according to the compendial requirements for Monocyte Activation Tests. The historical LOD of the PyroCell® MAT HS System is 0.08 EU/mL.


(1) European Pharmacopeia
(2) Global framework 3R


  • Compliant with regulatory requirements, detects the full range of pyrogens
  • Optimized components ensure robust assay performance and minimal qualification work
  • Qualified, cryopreserved PBMC pools and large batch sizes ensure reproducible results
  • Sustainable pyrogen test system replacing experimental animals and reduces the use of animal based supplements, such as FBS
  • Recommended for testing of blood based products 
  • Ensures highly sensitive detection of non-endotoxin pyrogens (NEP)
  • Compatible to Lonza hardware, reagent and accessory offering


  • Pyrogen testing of raw materials, pharmaceutical preparations, medical devices
  • In-process testing for pyrogens to support development of new production processes 
  • Ideal for biological products and production processes for example, proteins, antibodies, lipid pharmaceuticals, and vaccines 

Content & Storage


  • 3 vials pMAT cells (cryopreserved, pooled PBMC). Immediately store at ≤ -80 °C 
  • 3 vials Human Serum Supplement (cryopreserved). Immediately store at ≤ -80 °C
  • Pelikine compact human IL-6 kit. Store at ≤ -20 °C
  • Pelikine tool set. Store at 2-8 °C


Safety Data Sheets (SDS)

Certificate of Analysis (CoA)

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